Normalization Process

Definition: 

Normalization Process Theory provides a conceptual framework for understanding and evaluating the processes (implementation) by which new health technologies and other complex interventions are rountinely operationalized in everyday work (embedding), and sustained in practice (integration).

Definition: 

The NPT focuses on the work that individuals and groups do to enable an intervention to become normalised. There are four main componenets to NPT: coherence (or sense-making); cognitive participation (or engagement); collective action (work done to enable the intervention to happen); and reflexive monitoring (formal and informal appraisal of the benefits and costs of the intervention). These components are not linear, but are in dynamic relationshyips with each other and with the wider context of the intervention, such as organisational context, structures, social norms, group processes and conventions.