Six main concepts seem to be particularly helpful. Conveniently, they all begin with the letter ‘c’. The six concepts are:
A narrative is not merely a set of events in serial order but must become a “configuration”. The teller must configure the parts into a whole with a beginning, middle, and end.
Narrative ethics – the use of stories, both factual and fictional, to illustrate ethical dilemmas, or to sharpen readers’ awareness of voices and circumstances both like and unlike their own – may offer a solution to the problem fo what to say and do after medical harm, a problem that has stubbornly failed to yield to appeals to professional ethics.
There are at least five types of narrative writing in medicine: medical fiction, the lay exposition, medical autobiography, stories from practice, and writing exercises of medical training
The term ‘narrative synthesis’ is used here to refer to an approach to evidence synthesis that relies primarily on the use of words and text to summarise and explain the findings of multiple studies. Whilst narrative synthesis can involve the manipulation of statistical data.”